Introduction to Series and Parallel Circuits

Main Article Content

Craig E. Shepherd
Shannon M. Smith


This lesson begins with an introduction on electricity and how it is formed at the molecular level. It then lets learners explore and define a circuit. This introduction is followed by an exploration where learners develop series and parallel circuits using LED lights and motors. Learners then consider what constitutes a series and parallel circuit, open and
closed circuit, and a short circuit. The lesson concludes by having learners consider advantages, limitations, and instructional uses of various electronics kits (e.g., Snap Circuits, littleBits, LilyPad, paper circuits, conductive dough) based on their ability to display circuit paths.

Article Details

How to Cite
Shepherd, C. E., & Smith, S. M. (2021). Introduction to Series and Parallel Circuits. Journal of Technology-Integrated Lessons and Teaching, 1–8.
Author Biographies

Craig E. Shepherd

Craig E. Shepherd is an Associate Professor of Instructional Design and Technology at the University of Memphis with research interests regarding technology use in formal and informal settings to foster knowledge acquisition and community. He can be contacted at

Shannon M. Smith, Boise State University

Shannon M. Smith is an Assistant Librarian at Boise State University with research interests in best practices and ethics for emerging library services, collaborative learning, and multimedia information behavior.