Considering Structure in Online Learning

Main Article Content

Craig E. Shepherd


This week-long, asynchronous online module introduces the theory of transactional distance, particularly the component associated with structure, to graduate-level instructional design students enrolled in a seminar course about online learning. Learners were also introduced to publicly available Quality Matters rubrics and other readings associated with the effective design of online instruction. To demonstrate their understanding of the topic, learners imported skeletal learning resources into a course shell and developed them further in terms of sequence, clarity, organization, and purpose based on assigned readings and discussions. Because dialogue and accessibility concepts were covered more fully in later modules, these topics were minimized during this module.

Topics: distance education, online learning, learning management system, course design, structure, clarity, organization.

Time:  One week was allocated for this lesson.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Shepherd, C. E. (2022). Considering Structure in Online Learning. Journal of Technology-Integrated Lessons and Teaching, 1(2), 24–35.
Author Biography

Craig E. Shepherd

Craig E. Shepherd is an Associate Professor of Instructional Design and Technology at the University of Memphis with research interests regarding technology use in formal and informal settings to foster knowledge acquisition and community. He can be contacted at