Bounds on the spectral radius of a Hadamard product of nonnegative or positive semidefinite matrices

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Roger A. Horn
Fuzhen Zhang


X. Zhan has conjectured that the spectral radius of the Hadamard product of two square nonnegative matrices is not greater than the spectral radius of their ordinary product. We prove Zhan’s conjecture, and a related inequality for positive semidefinite matrices, using standard facts about principal submatrices, Kronecker products, and the spectral radius.

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