Linearizations of singular matrix polynomials and the recovery of minimal indices

Main Article Content

Fernando de Terán
Froilán Dopico
D. Steven Mackey


A standard way of dealing with a regular matrix polynomial P(λ) is to convert it into
an equivalent matrix pencil – a process known as linearization. Two vector spaces of pencils L1(P) and L2(P) that generalize the first and second companion forms have recently been introduced by Mackey, Mackey, Mehl and Mehrmann. Almost all of these pencils are linearizations for P(λ) when P is regular. The goal of this work is to show that most of the pencils in L1(P) and L2(P) are still linearizations when P(λ) is a singular square matrix polynomial, and that these linearizations can be used to obtain the complete eigenstructure of P(λ), comprised not only of the finite and infinite eigenvalues, but also for singular polynomials of the left and right minimal indices and minimal bases. We show explicitly how to recover the minimal indices and bases of the polynomial P(λ) from the minimalindices and bases of linearizations in L1(P) and L2(P). As a consequence of the recovery formulae for minimal indices, we prove that the vector space DL(P) = L1(P) ∩ L2(P) wil l never contain any linearization for a square singular polynomial P(λ). Finally, the results are extended to other linearizations of singular polynomials defined in terms of more general polynomial bases.

Article Details