# On the minimum rank of not necessarily symmetric matrices: A preliminary study

## Main Article Content

## Abstract

The minimum rank of a directed graph Γ is deﬁned to be the smallest possible rank over all real matrices whose ijth entry is nonzero whenever (i,j) is an arc in Γ and is zero otherwise. The symmetric minimum rank of a simple graph G is deﬁned to be the smallest possible rank over all symmetric real matrices whose ijth entry (for i ≠ j) is nonzero whenever {i,j} is an edge in G and is zero otherwise. Maximum nullity is equal to the diﬀerence between the order of the graph and minimum rank in either case. Deﬁnitions of various graph parameters used to bound symmetric maximum nullity, including path cover number and zero forcing number, are extended to digraphs, and additional parameters related to minimum rank are introduced. It is shown that for directed trees, maximum nullity, path cover number, and zero forcing number are equal, providing a method to compute minimum rank for directed trees. It is shown that the minimum rank problem for any given digraph or zero-nonzero pattern may be converted into a symmetric minimum rank problem.