Rational Criteria for Diagonalizability of Real Matrices

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João Ferreira Alves

Abstract

The purpose of this note is to obtain rational criteria for diagonalizability of real matrices through the analysis of the moment and Gram matrices associated to a given real matrix. These concepts were introduced by Horn and Lopatin in [R.A. Horn and A.K. Lopatin. The moment and Gram matrices, distinct eigenvalues and zeroes, and rational criteria for diagonalizability. Linear Algebra and its Applications, 299:153-163, 1999] for complex matrices. However, when the matrix is real, it is possible to combine their results with the Borchardt-Jacobi Theorem, in order to get new and noteworthy rational criteria.

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