Spectral Properties of Sign Patterns

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Michael Cavers
Jonathan Fischer
Kevin N. Vander Meulen


In this paper, an infinite family of irreducible sign patterns that are spectrally arbitrary, for which the nilpotent-Jacobian method does not apply, is given. It is demonstrated that it is possible for an irreducible sign pattern to be refined inertially arbitrary and not spectrally arbitrary. It is observed that not every nonzero spectrally arbitrary pattern has a signing which is spectrally arbitrary. It is also shown that every superpattern of the reducible pattern $\T_2 \oplus \T_2$ is spectrally arbitrary.

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