# Generalization of real interval matrices to other fields

## Main Article Content

## Abstract

An interval matrix is a matrix whose entries are intervals in $\R$. This concept, which has been broadly studied, is generalized to other fields. Precisely, a rational interval matrix is defined to be a matrix whose entries are intervals in $\Q$. It is proved that a (real) interval $p \times q$ matrix with the endpoints of all its entries in $\Q$ contains a rank-one matrix if and only if it contains a rational rank-one matrix, and contains a matrix with rank smaller than $\min\{p,q\}$ if and only if it contains a rational matrix with rank smaller than $\min\{p,q\}$; from these results and from the analogous criterions for (real) inerval matrices, a criterion to see when a rational interval matrix contains a rank-one matrix and a criterion to see when it is full-rank, that is, all the matrices it contains are full-rank, are deduced immediately. Moreover, given a field $K$ and a matrix $\al$ whose entries are subsets of $K$, a criterion to find the maximal rank of a matrix contained in $\al$ is described.